Nature has hidden for us precious wealth of
minerals under the surface of land. Men discover
these minerals after great labour and utilize them
for their own benefit. Sindh is very rich in
minerals. The following minerals have been
discovered so far in this province.
There are huge reserves of coal at Meting and
Jhumpir in Thatta District. It is estimated that
there are about 25 Million metric tons of coal
deposits in these reserves. At present we are
getting twenty thousand metric tons of coal
annually from these mines. A very big coal mine
has recently been discovered at Lakhra in Dadu
District where a reserve of about 100 million
metric tons of coal has been estimated. A new coal
field has also been discovered in Tharparkar. This
mine has a large deposit of coal.
We get salt from Saran Lake in Taluka Deeplo
District Tharparkar. It is the biggest salt lake
in Sindh. Another big salt lake is located in
Taluka Khipro district Sanghara. Its name is
Dhalyar Lake. We get about two hindered thousand
metric tons of salt annually from the sea water at
Mauripur and Dhabeji, near Karachi.
A large quantity of limestone is available in
almost all the mountains of Sindh. It is used for
manufacturing mortar (choona) and cement. We also
make bleach powder and castic soda from limestone.
In our province alum is found in Kheerthar Ranges.
Water is filtered with the help of alum. It has
also many medical uses.
It is a very valuable stone. It is found in most
of the mountains of our Province. It is used for
manufacturing cement, chemical, fertilizers,
plaster of paris and paper.
Salika Sand is used in manufacturing glass. Our
Province has big reserves of this sand.
It is found in the lakes of Khairpur and the
Valley of Eastern Nara. It is used in
manufacturing soap and tanning hides and skins.
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